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CPRC at the Wall Street Journal: Brussels Is Wrong on Guns: Instead of passing bans terrorists will ignore, arm off-duty police; In what European countries can’t police carry off-duty?

27 Jan , 2017  

Dr. John Lott has a new op-ed at the Wall Street Journal.  These are just a few of the nutty things in the new EU rules on gun ownership that were approved Wednesday by a Parliamentary committee.  The full Parliament still has to vote on the bill.  Below are the rules for nine European countries on whether they will allow police to carry off-duty.  Here is the beginning of Lott’s new piece.

Strict new European gun-control regulations will take another step on Thursday when a committee of the European Parliament votes on a set of measures. The Parliament and the European Commission already have agreed to the proposal in principle. Prompted by terrorist attacks in Paris and Copenhagen, these regulations would prohibit the civilian use of most semiautomatic firearms. As is typical of such laws, however, they will do nothing to prevent the kind of attacks being used to justify them.

The proposed Firearms Directive would, among other things, ban various semiautomatic guns and magazines greater than 10 or 20 rounds, depending on the length of the gun. The goal appears to be to ban semiautomatic guns that can “easily be converted” to automatic weapons.

But the directive completely misunderstands how guns work. Semiautomatic guns can’t be easily converted into machine guns. The firing mechanisms are different.

Semiautomatic weapons fire only one bullet with each pull of the trigger and then reload themselves, making them good for self-defense. With a single-shot rifle that requires the user to manually reload, you could be in trouble if you miss your first shot or are faced by multiple attackers.

High-capacity magazines, regardless of any ban, can be made with very simple tools or mass-produced with 3-D printers. Another way around the ban would be to use multiple guns, which killers in terror attacks often do.

None of these bans would hinder a determined terrorist. The eight who attacked various sites in Paris in November 2015 were armed with automatic AK-47s and explosive suicide belts. The February 2015 Copenhagen attack was carried out with an automatic M95 assault rifle. In the January 2015 attack on Charlie Hebdo and a kosher supermarket in Paris, the terrorists were armed with automatic Kalashnikov rifles, a loaded M42 rocket launcher, semiautomatic handguns, smoke grenades, Molotov cocktails, a hand grenade and sticks of dynamite. All the weapons used in these attacks were already illegal.

The proposed regulation is similar to the U.S. Federal Assault Weapons Ban President Bill Clinton signed into law in 1994. Criminologists and economists have found no evidence that the U.S. ban reduced either ordinary gun crime or mass public shootings. In 1997, criminology professors Christopher Koper and Jeffrey Roth hired by the Clinton administration wrote, “The evidence is not strong enough for us to conclude that there was any meaningful effect (i.e., that the effect was different from zero).”

Seven years later, Messrs. Koper and Roth, with fellow criminologist Daniel Woods,published a follow-up study for the U.S. National Institute of Justice and concluded, “There has been no discernible reduction in the lethality and injuriousness of gun violence.”

A better idea would be to allow and hopefully mandate off-duty police and military personnel to carry concealed handguns. Jesse Hughes, the lead singer for the band performing at Paris’s Bataclan Theater that November night in 2015 when 89 people were killed, has said that eight off-duty officers were in attendance that night as part of the audience. Had these officers had their firearms, the outcome might have been very different. . . .

The rest of the piece is available here.

Here are rules for some European countries on whether police are allowed to carry guns off-duty.

Belgium — Off-duty police can apply for authorization to carry their gun off-duty, but only from the police station to their homes and the way back. They are not allowed to carry their duty-gun all the time. They may protect themselves at home.  Source: police officer in Belgium

Finland — Police are not allowed to carry off-duty. Source: current Member of Parliament Petri Makela

France — The French temporarily allowed police to carry immediately after the November 2015 attack and again after June 2016 when Belgium officials warned of another possibly attack on France.  However, after an off-duty police officer was stabbed to death in a terrorist attack in June, 2016 officers have been permanently been allowed to carry.
Poland — Officers are allowed with the approval of their local police departments.  Unfortunately, most local police departments appear unwilling to allow this.
Sweden — In practice, no, but in theory the law allows for an exception “if there are exceptional reasons.” There need to be a specific threat against a specific police officer and in that case he might be granted an exemption.  See paragraph 28 available here.

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